Avoid unneeded travel if conditions are too poor.

Buckle up, and make sure child restraints are attached tight. It is suggested to use bulky clothes and covers on top of the child restraint harness, not beneath, to ensure harness restraints fit properly.

Travel at safe speeds in accordance to road conditions, and provide for plenty of travel time.

Increase safe stopping length between vehicles.

Hire a charter bus for group travel.

Use extra precautions when driving around snowplows by keeping at least five car-lengths behind plows.

If skidding, remain calm, simplicity foot off the gas, and turn the steering wheel in the direction you want the front of the vehicle to go.

If automobile has an anti-lock braking system (ABS), apply a steady firm pressure to the brake pedal. Never pump ABS brakes.

Clear snowfall and ice from vehicle windows, bonnet, headlights, brake lights and directional signals.

Headlights must be turned on when it is snowing or sleeting.

Do not really use cruise control on snow/icy/wet roads. Circumstances can change over every hill and around every curve. Be very aware of bridge decks and overpasses.

Equip vehicles with a scraper/brush, small shovel, jumper cables, tow chain, as well as a bag of sand or cat litter for tire traction. Blanket(s), heavy boots, warm clothing and flashlights are also important, as are storing high-energy foods such as chocolate or energy bars.

Be sure cell phones are recharged for long trips, and inform family of destination plans and schedule.

If stranded, stay in the vehicle.

Parents of teen drivers should make sure new motorists experience snow and ice driving in a safe environment, such as an empty parking lot.